Tasks

A. Libra … Basic if…else structure

a,b,c,d = list(map(int, input().split()))
if a+b > c+d:
print('Left')
elif a+b == c+d:
print('Balanced')
else:
print('Right')

B. Some Sums … I used brute force as the expected N is up to 10^4. So I just iterate all the numbers from 1 to N.

a,b,c,d = list(map(int, input().split()))
if a+b > c+d:
print('Left')
elif a+b == c+d:
print('Balanced')
else:
print('Right')

C. Multiple Gift … I used kind of brute force here as well. Multiply current number by 2, 3, 4… and check if modulus is 0 each time.

x, y = list(map(int, input().split()))
count = 1
curr_num, next_num = x, x*2
multiplier = 2
while next_num <= y:
if next_num%curr_num == 0:
count += 1
multiplier = 2
curr_num = next_num
else:
multiplier += 1
next_num = curr_num * multiplier
print(count)

*Related*